Safety is a team effort, here are some of the players.
Breath Alcohol Technician (BAT)
The Breath Alcohol Technician (BAT) and/or Screening Test Technician (STT) is a person who instructs and assists employees in the alcohol testing process and operates an evidential breath testing or alcohol screening device, respectively. The BAT and STT play a vital role in the success of the DOT alcohol testing program. The STT and BAT directly interact with the employee and instantaneously provide the employee with an alcohol test result. As such, the BAT and/or STT must be knowledgeable and proficient in the testing procedures.
Certified Urine Collector
A collector is a person who instructs and assists employees at a collection site, who receives and makes an initial inspection of the specimen provided by those employees, and who initiates and completes the CCF.
The collector is the one individual in the drug testing process who has direct, face to face contact with the employee. Without the collector ensuring the integrity of the urine specimen and collection process, the test itself may lose credibility.
Drug Testing Laboratory
Drug testing laboratories certified by the Department of Health and Human Services receive urine specimens and test them to determine the presence of drugs. They also conduct validity testing to determine if the specimen has been adulterated or substituted.
Medical Review Officer (MRO)
A Medical Review Officer (MRO) is a person who is a licensed physician and who is responsible for receiving and reviewing laboratory results generated by an employer’s drug testing program and evaluating medical explanations for certain drug test results. As a MRO, you act as an independent and impartial “gatekeeper” and advocate for the accuracy and integrity of the drug testing process. You provide quality assurance review of the drug testing process for the specimens under your purview, determine if there is a legitimate medical explanation for laboratory confirmed positive, adulterated, substituted and invalid drug test results, ensure the timely flow of test result and other information to employers and protect the confidentiality of the drug testing information.
Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)
The Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) is a person who evaluates employees who have violated a DOT drug and alcohol program regulation and makes recommendations concerning education, treatment, follow-up testing, and aftercare. As a SAP you represent the major decision point (and in some cases the only decision point) an employer may have in choosing whether or not to place an employee behind the steering wheel of a school bus, in the cockpit of a plane, at the helm of an oil tanker, at the throttle of a train, in the engineer compartment of a subway car, or at the emergency control valves of a natural gas pipeline. Your responsibility to the public is enormous! As a SAP you are advocate for neither the employer nor the employee. Your function is to protect the public interest in safety by professionally evaluating the employee and recommending appropriate education and/or treatment, follow-up tests, and aftercare.